THE MOST IMPORTANT ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
- Article 1 – Name and territory of the union.
- Article 2 – Admission and establishment of the new state.
- Article 3 – Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and name of existing states.
- Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.
- Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.
- Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship.
- Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS( ARTICLE 12 TO 35)
The constitution of India ORIGINALLY provided 7 basic fundamental rights, now there are only 6. The Right to property under article 31 was removed from the list of fundamental rights by 44th amendment act 1978. Right to property become a legal right now under article 300–A was made and included in Part XII of the constitution.
- Article 12 – Definition of the state.
- Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
- Article 14 – Equality before the law.
- Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.
- Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability.
- Article 18 – Abolition of titles
RIGHT TO FREEDOM (ARTICLE 19 TO 22)
- Article 19 – Guarantees to all the citizens the six rights and they are:
- Right to freedom of speech and expression
- Right to assemble peacefully and without arms
- Right to form associations or unions
- Right to move freely throughout the territory of India
- Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India
- Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation,trade and business.
- Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
- Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.
- Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.