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BORROWED CONCEPTS OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

BORROWED CONCEPTS

  1. UNITED KINGDOM 
  • Parliamentary government 
  • Concept of single citizenship 
  • Rule of law 
  • The legislative speaker and their role 
  • Legislative procedure 
  1. UNITED STATES 
  • Bill of Rights 
  • Federal structure of government 
  • Electoral College 
  • Independent judiciary and separation of powers 
  • Judicial review 
  • President as commander-in-chief of the armed forces 
  • Equal protection under law 
  1. IRELAND 

Directive principles of state policy 

  1. AUSTRALIA 
  • Freedom of trade between states 
  • National legislative power to implement treaties, even on matters outside normal federal jurisdiction 
  • Concurrent List 
  • Preamble terminology 
  1. FRANCE 

Ideals of Liberty ,equality and fraternity 

  1. CANADA 
  • Quasi-federal government — a federal system with a strong central government 
  • Distribution of powers between the central and state governments 
  • Residual powers, retained by the central government 

7. SOVIET UNION

  • Fundamental Duties under article 51-A 
  • Mandated planning commission to oversee economic development 

8. Other constitutions 

  • The emergency provision under article 356 (from the  Wiemar Constitution) 
  • Amending the constitution (from South Africa) 
  • Due process (from  Japan) 

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