Sir Benegal Narsing Rau, a civil servant who became the first Indian judge in the International Court of Justice and was president of the United Nations Security Council, was appointed as the assembly’s constitutional adviser in 1946.
At 14 August 1947 meeting of the assembly, committees were proposed. On 29 August, 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India. Rau’s draft was considered, debated and amended by the eight-person drafting committee, which was appointed on 29 August 1947 with B. R. Ambedkar as chair.
The Drafting Committee had seven members:
1.Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar,
2. N. Gopalaswami
3. B.R. Ambedkar,
4. K.M Munshi,
6.B.L. Mitter and
At its first meeting on 30th August 1947, the Drafting Committee elected B.R Ambedkar as its Chairman.
A Draft Constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947. The constituent assembly took 2 years , 11 months and 17 days to frame the constitution. On 26 Nov 1949 Constituent assembly adopted the constitution. 284 members signed the document and the process of constitution making was complete. here were 22 parts, 395 articles and 8 schedules.
The constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950.