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ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

THE MOST IMPORTANT ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION : cont.

FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES (ARTICLES 51A) 

Initially, it had 10 duties, now it contains 11 duties by 86th amendments act 2002. 

The fundamental duties noted in the constitution are as follows: 

It shall be the duty of every citizen of India — 

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; 
  1. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; 
  1. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India; 
  1. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so; 
  1. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women; 
  1. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture; 
  1. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures; 
  1. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform; 
  1. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence; 
  1. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement; 
  1. Who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child, or as the case may be, ward between the age of six to fourteen years. 

ARTICLE 52 TO 151 

  • Article 52 – The President of India 
  • Article 53 – Executive Power of the union 
  • Article 54 – Election of President 
  • Article 61 – Procedure for Impeachment of the President 
  • Article 63 – The Vice–president of India 
  • Article 64 – The Vice–President to be ex–officio chairman the council of States 
  • Article 66 – Election of Vice–president 
  • Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President 
  • Article 74 – Council of ministers to aid and advise President 
  • Article 76 – Attorney–General for India 
  • Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament 
  • Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha 
  • Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha 
  • Article 83 – Duration of Houses of Parliament 
  • Article 93 – The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people 
  • Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament 
  • Article 109 – Special procedure in respects of money bills 
  • Article 110 – Definition of “Money Bills” 
  • Article 112 – Annual Financial Budget 
  • Article 114 –Appropriation Bills 
  • Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament 
  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court 
  • Article 125 – Salaries of Judges 
  • Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice 
  • Article 127 – Appointment of ad–hoc judges 
  • Article 128 –Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court 
  • Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record 
  • Article 130 – Seat of the Supreme Court 
  • Article 136 – Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court 
  • Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court 
  • Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts 
  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor– General of India 
  • Article 149 – Duties and Powers of CAG 
  • Article 153 – Governors of State 
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor 
  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor 
  • Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State 
  • Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances 
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states 
  • Article 215 – High Courts to be court of record 
  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs 
  • Article 233 – Appointment of District judges 
  • Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts 
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ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTION OF INDIA Uncategorized

ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION

THE MOST IMPORTANT ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION 

  • Article 1 – Name and territory of the union. 
  • Article 2 – Admission and establishment of the new state. 
  • Article 3 – Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and name of existing states. 
  • Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution. 
  • Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan. 
  • Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship. 
  • Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law. 

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS( ARTICLE 12 TO 35) 

The constitution of India ORIGINALLY provided 7 basic fundamental rights, now there are only 6. The Right to property under article 31 was removed from the list of fundamental rights by 44th amendment act 1978.  Right to property become  a legal right now under article  300–A was made and included in Part XII of the constitution. 

  • Article 12 – Definition of the state. 
  • Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights. 
  • Article 14 – Equality before the law. 
  • Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth. 
  • Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment. 
  • Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability. 
  • Article 18 – Abolition of titles 

RIGHT TO FREEDOM (ARTICLE 19 TO 22) 

  • Article 19 – Guarantees to all the citizens the six rights and they are:     
  1.  Right to freedom of speech and expression  
  2. Right to assemble peacefully and without arms 
  3. Right to form associations or unions 
  4. Right to move freely throughout the territory of India 
  5. Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India 
  6. Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation,trade and business. 
  • Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offences. 
  • Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty. 
  • Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.