SAHODARAN AYYAPPAN

 

 

Sahodaran Ayyappan (21 August 1889 – 6 March 1968) was a social reformer, thinker, rationalist, journalist, and politician of Kerala, India. He was one of the outspoken followers of Sree Narayana Guru. He was born at cherai in vyppin island. In 1917 at cherai, he organized a misra bojanam. He formed an organization called sahodara sangam. He was also known as pulaya ayyappan. He started the journel “sahodaran“.He became the founder editor of the magazine “Yukthivadhi“.

Sahodaran Ayyappan joined a college in Madras to do a degree course. However, he had to discontinue his studies over there due to his persistent illness. After a while, he decided to do a B.A. course in literature after accepting a friendly advice from the Sage Sree Narayana Guru. Accordingly, the young Ayyappan completed his B.A. degree from the Maharajah’s College in Ernakulam. Continuing his interest in studies, he also took a B.L. degree from Thiruvananthapuram-based Law College.

At Cherai, in 1917, Ayyappan organised a misra bhojanan (a grand feast of all castes sitting together under one roof). The feast was organised under the aegis of the Sahodara Sangham (The Brotherood Association), an organisation that Ayyappan himself had organised for the purpose of eradicating the evil of casteism. The feast was attended by about 200 people including the so-called untouchable Pulayas. This was opposed forcibly by conservative sections of society, including Ezhava lords. For a while thereafter, his detractors sarcastically called him Pulayan Ayyappan, a name which he took as an honour. From then on, Ayyappan came to be known as Sahodaran Ayyappan.

On 15 May 1921, Nārāyana Guru sent a message of support to Sahodara Sangham during their annual conference, supporting “inter-caste marriages and community feasts”.

 

By this time he had also acquired a Law degree from the Government Law College, Trivandrum. His consuming passion was still directed towards effecting radical reforms in the society. With this aim in view he started the journal Sahodaran from Mattancherry, containing articles and poems, which continued to be on print until 1956.

An inquisitive soul from childhood, K. Ayyappan’s mind kept probing beyond caste, religion and other dogmas. He established himself as a rationalist who didn’t believe in any religion. He became the founder editor of the magazine Yukthivadi (The Rationalist) which was started in 1928. Ayyappan wrote the caption of this magazine “Yuktiyenthy manusiante-budhisakthi ghanichathil-labhichathallathillonnum-lokavijnana rasiyil” as well as many other poems.

As a rejoinder to Sree Narayana Guru’s famous slogan Oru Jati, Oru Matham, Oru Daivam Manushyanu (One Caste, One Religion, One God for Human-beings), Ayyappan proclaimed his slogan of Jati Venda, Matham Venda, Daivam Venda Manushyanu (No Caste, No Religion, No God for Human-beings). Despite such atheism, he nevertheless had deep respect for the Guru.

Amidst his relentless work in the field of effecting social reforms Ayyappan found time to work in trade unions and in active politics. He is one of the founding fathers of the trade unionism in Kerala. In 1928, Ayyappan was elected to Cochin Legislative Council of which he continued to be a member for the next 21 years. During his first tenure in the legislative council Ayyappan showed his commitment to progressive programmes. On one occasion he demanded that registration be given to all love marriages.

He served as a minister two times in Cochin Legislative Assembly and one time in Thiru-Kochi Assembly. A R Narayanan a Presidency college alumnus served as his personal assistant. He was appointed to the ministry by the Maharaja on 9 September 1946. He later resigned from the Cabinet, along with Panampilli Govinda Menon and C.R. Iyyunni, when Home Minister, T.K. Nair used the police force to put down labour struggles and popular agitations. In popular elections in October 1949, the Prajamandalam party secured overwhelming majority and Ikkanda Warrior was elected leader of the party. Panampilli Govinda Menon, Sahodaran Ayyappan and C.A. Ouseph were his colleagues in the cabinet. (History of Kerala Legislature) Ayyappan was minister for a brief time in the Paravoor TK ministry, but soon resigned from active politics and concentrated his energy into social and cultural activities. At this time, his PA was A R Narayanan who too was interested in social reforms.

 

He was widely respected by all sections of people across the society because of his selfless social work and also on account of his impeccable personal integrity. For the last 15 years of his life he stayed away from active social life. On 6 March 1968 Ayyappan breathed his last.

IMPORTANT QUESTIONS FOR EXAMS

 

  1. Sahodaran Ayyappan launched ‘Mishrabhojanam‘ programme at Cherayi in ?

Answer :- 1941

 

2. Who became the editor of ‘Yukthivadi’ Magazine in 1928?

Answer :- Sahodaran Ayyappan

 

3. Who founded Sahodara Sangham for eradicating casteism?

Answer :Sahodaran Ayyappan

 

4. The journal started By sahodaran Ayyappan from Mattancherry?

Answer :Sahodaran

 

5. Who raised the slogan No Caste ,No Religion,No God for human beings?

Answer:Sahodaran Ayyappan