The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed on “those who conferred the greatest benefit on mankind” in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, peace and Economics. Instituted by Alfred Nobel’s last will, which specified that his fortune be used to create a series of prizes, now known as the Nobel Prizes. They are widely recognized as one of the most prestigious honors awarded in the aforementioned fields.
The prize ceremonies take place annually in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the peace prize which is held in Oslo, Norway and each recipient, or laureate, receives a gold medal, a diploma and a sum of money that has been decided by the Nobel Foundation.
The following are the Nobel laureates who were Indian citizens at the time they were awarded the Nobel Prize.
|1913||Rabindranath Tagore||Literature||Awarded “because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.”|
|1930||C. V. Raman||Physics||“For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.”|
(born in Skopje,Ottoman Empire)
|Peace||“For work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace.”|
|1998||Amartya Sen||Economic studies||“For his contributions to welfare economics.”|
|2014||Kailash Satyarthi||Peace||Awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai – “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”|
Overseas citizens of Indian origin
The following are Nobel laureates born in India or who are of Indian origin but subsequently non-citizens of India; however, they are still often included in lists of Indian Nobel laureates.
|1968||Har Gobind Khorana
(born in Raipur, British India)
|United States||Physiology or Medicine||Awarded along with Robert W. Holley and Marshall W. Nirenberg – “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.”|
(born in Lahore, British India)
|United States||Physics||“For his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”|
(born in Chidambaram,India)
|United Kingdom / United States||Chemistry||“For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.”|
The following are Nobel laureates with Indian linkages – those who were born in British India or those who were residents in India when they became recipients of the Nobel Prize.
(born in Almora, British India)
|United Kingdom||Physiology or Medicine||“For his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it.”|
(born in Bombay, British India)
|United Kingdom||Literature||“In consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.”|
|1989||14th Dalai Lama
(born in Taktser,Republic of China)
|Peace||“In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people.”|
|2001||V. S. Naipaul
(born in Chaguanas,Trinidad and Tobago)
|United Kingdom||Literature||“For having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories.”|
NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2014
Medicine: John O’Keefe, Edvard Moser, May-Britt Moser.
Physics: Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, Shuji Nakamura.
Chemistry: Eric Betzig, Stefan W Hell, William E. Moerner
Literature: Patrick Modiano
Peace: Malala Yousafzai, Kailash Satyarthi
Economic Sciences: Jean Tirole
NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2015
Physics : Arthur B. McDonald and Takaaki Kajita
Chemistry : Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar
Medicine: William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura, and Youyou Tu
Literature : Svetlana Alexievich
Peace : Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet
Economics : Angus Deaton