Guruvayur Satyagraha took place in (1931–32) and was a Satyagraha (non-violent protest) in present Thrissur district, which was then part of Ponnani Taluk of Malabar district, now part of Kerala, which was an effort to allow entry for untouchables into the Guruvayur Temple. It was led by K. Kelappan, who undertook a hunger strike for 12 days, until it was abandoned because of a request from Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi hailed it as “the miracle of modern times” and ” a smriti which is people’s charter of spiritual emancipation”. K. Kelappan, Mannathu Padmanabhan, A.K Gopalan(volunteer captain) and N.P DamodaranNair were the leaders of that agitation.It was a failure,For another four years, nothing much changed in Guruvayur or in the rest of the region that today constitutes the State of Kerala. It was only in 1936 that many temples in Kerala were opened for all to use.

When Samuthiri, the temple trustee was reluctant to concede as the second phase of the struggle K.Kelappan started fast unto death from 22 September 1932 onwards. But due to Gandhi’s intervention on 22 October the struggle was withdrawn.

Subsequently, there was an opinion poll held at Ponnani taluk in which 77 per cent favoured the entry of all castes in to the temples. Leaders, from various parts of Kerala, were later in leadership of the Communist Party of India; such as P. Krishna Pillai and A. K. Gopalan, took part in the effort. The right to enter temples was granted to “Backward” Hindus like Ezhavas only in 1936 in India by the Maharajah of Travancore and the Temple Entry Proclamation.