The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed on “those who conferred the greatest benefit on mankind” in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, peace and Economics. Instituted by Alfred Nobel’s  last will, which specified that his fortune be used to create a series of prizes, now known as the Nobel Prizes. They are widely recognized as one of the most prestigious honors awarded in the aforementioned fields.

        The prize ceremonies take place annually in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the peace prize which is held in Oslo, Norway and each recipient, or laureate, receives a gold medal, a diploma and a sum of money that has been decided by the Nobel Foundation.


Indian citizens

The following are the Nobel laureates who were Indian citizens at the time they were awarded the Nobel Prize.


Year Laureate Subject Rationale
1913 Rabindranath Tagore Literature Awarded “because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.”
1930 C. V. Raman Physics “For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.”
1979 Mother Teresa
(born in Skopje,Ottoman Empire)
Peace “For work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace.”
1998 Amartya Sen Economic studies “For his contributions to welfare economics.”
2014 Kailash Satyarthi Peace Awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai – “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”

Overseas citizens of Indian origin

The following are Nobel laureates born in India or who are of Indian origin but subsequently non-citizens of India; however, they are still often included in lists of Indian Nobel laureates.


Year Laureate Country Subject Rationale
1968 Har Gobind Khorana
(born in Raipur, British India)
 United States Physiology or Medicine Awarded along with Robert W. Holley and Marshall W. Nirenberg – “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.”
1983 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
(born in Lahore, British India)
 United States Physics “For his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”
2009 Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
(born in Chidambaram,India)
 United Kingdom /  United States Chemistry “For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.”


The following are Nobel laureates with Indian linkages – those who were born in British India or those who were residents in India when they became recipients of the Nobel Prize.

Year Laureate Country Subject Rationale
1902 Ronald Ross
(born in Almora, British India)
 United Kingdom Physiology or Medicine “For his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it.”
1907 Rudyard Kipling
(born in Bombay, British India)
 United Kingdom Literature “In consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.”
1989 14th Dalai Lama
(born in Taktser,Republic of China)
Peace “In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people.”
2001 V. S. Naipaul
(born in Chaguanas,Trinidad and Tobago)
 United Kingdom Literature “For having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories.”





Medicine: John O’Keefe, Edvard Moser, May-Britt Moser.

Physics: Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, Shuji Nakamura.

Chemistry: Eric Betzig, Stefan W Hell, William E. Moerner

Literature: Patrick Modiano

Peace: Malala Yousafzai, Kailash Satyarthi

Economic Sciences: Jean Tirole





Physics : Arthur B. McDonald and Takaaki Kajita

Chemistry : Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar

Medicine: William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura, and Youyou Tu

Literature : Svetlana Alexievich

Peace : Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet

Economics : Angus Deaton


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