NON COOPERATION MOVEMENT (1920)

The non-cooperation movement was a significant phase of the Indian independence movement from British rule. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. It aimed to resist British rule in India through nonviolent means. Protestors would refuse to buy British goods, adopt the use of local handicrafts and picket liquor shops. The ideas of Ahimsa and nonviolence, and Gandhi’s ability to rally hundreds of thousands of common citizens towards the cause of Indian independence, were first seen on a large scale in this movement through the summer 1920, they feared that the movement might lead to popular violence.

Non-cooperation was recommended by Gandhiji to Babu Muhammad Ali and Babu Shaukat Ali for the Khilafat Movement. After the failure of Khilafat Movement, the Congress decided that non-cooperation was the only way out for India. The movement was undertaken to (a)restore the status of the ruler of Turkey (b) to avenge the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and other violence in Punjab and (c) to secure Swaraj (independence) for India. Gandhi promised Swaraj in one year if his Non Cooperation programme was fully implemented. The other reason to start the non-cooperation movement was that Gandhi lost faith in constitutional methods and turned from cooperator of British rule to non-cooperator.

The non-cooperation movement was withdrawn because of the Chauri Chaura incident. Although he had stopped the national revolt single-handedly, on March 10, 1922, Gandhi was arrested. On March 18, 1922, he was imprisoned for six years for publishing seditious materials. This led to suppression of the movement and was followed by the arrest of other leaders.

1. The Non Cooperation Movement was pitched in under leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress from
a) 1920-1922
b) 1922-1924
c) 1987-1989
d) 1990-1992

Answer: 1920-1922

2. Gandhi realized that there was no prospect of getting any fair treatment at the hands of British, so he planned to withdraw the nation’s cooperation from the British Government after the event of
a) Jallianwala massacre
b) Bhagat singh Hanging
c) Lathi charge
d) All of the above

Answer a) Jallianwala Massacre

3. On, police station of Chaura, near Gorakhpur in UP was attacked by a mob of peasants. The mob burnt the police station and in those nearly 22 policemen died. This violent event disturbed the soul of Gandhi and he ordered for the immediate suspension of the programme
a) Feb 1922
b) Mar 1922
c) Jan 1920
d) Feb 1920

Answer a) Feb 1922

4. The title given by the British Government to Mahatma Gandhi which he surrendered during the non-cooperation movement was-

a. Hind Keasri

b. Kaiser-e-Hind

c. Rai Bahadur

d. Rt. Honorable

Answer: Kaiser-e-Hind

5. Which Movement was launched along with the Khilafat Movement?

  1. Swadeshi movement
  2. Home rule movement
  3. Civil Disobedience movement
  4. Non-cooperation Movement
Answer: Non-cooperation Movement

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