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CONSTITUTION OF INDIA PARTS OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION

PARTS OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION

The constitution’s articles are grouped into the following parts: 

  • Part I – States and union territories 
  • Part II – Citizenship 
  • Part III – Fundamental Rights 
  • Part IV – Directive Principles of State Policy 
  • Part IVA – Fundamental Duties 
  • Part V   –   The Union 
  • Part VI   – The States 
  • Part VII   – States in the B part of the first schedule (repealed)     
  • Part VIII   – Union territories 
  • Part IX    – Panchayats   
  • Part IXA – Municipalities 
  • Part IXB – Co-operative societies 
  • Part X – Scheduled and tribal areas 
  • Part XI – Relations between the union and the states 
  • Part XII – Finance, property, contracts and suits 
  • Part XIII – Trade and commerce within India 
  • Part XIV – Services under the union and states 
  • Part XIV A – Tribunals 
  • Part XV – Elections 
  • Part XVI – Special provisions relating to certain classes 
  • Part XVII – Languages 
  • Part XVIII – Emergency provisions 
  • Part XIX – Miscellaneous 
  • Part XX – Amending the constitution 
  • Part XXI – Temporary, transitional and special provisions 
  • Part XXII – Short title, date of commencement, authoritative text in Hindi and repeals 
Categories
BORROWED CONCEPTS OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

BORROWED CONCEPTS

  1. UNITED KINGDOM 
  • Parliamentary government 
  • Concept of single citizenship 
  • Rule of law 
  • The legislative speaker and their role 
  • Legislative procedure 
  1. UNITED STATES 
  • Bill of Rights 
  • Federal structure of government 
  • Electoral College 
  • Independent judiciary and separation of powers 
  • Judicial review 
  • President as commander-in-chief of the armed forces 
  • Equal protection under law 
  1. IRELAND 

Directive principles of state policy 

  1. AUSTRALIA 
  • Freedom of trade between states 
  • National legislative power to implement treaties, even on matters outside normal federal jurisdiction 
  • Concurrent List 
  • Preamble terminology 
  1. FRANCE 

Ideals of Liberty ,equality and fraternity 

  1. CANADA 
  • Quasi-federal government — a federal system with a strong central government 
  • Distribution of powers between the central and state governments 
  • Residual powers, retained by the central government 

7. SOVIET UNION

  • Fundamental Duties under article 51-A 
  • Mandated planning commission to oversee economic development 

8. Other constitutions 

  • The emergency provision under article 356 (from the  Wiemar Constitution) 
  • Amending the constitution (from South Africa) 
  • Due process (from  Japan)