Categories
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE AND CURRENT AFFAIRS GEOGRAPHY Uncategorized

LIST OF COUNTRIES, CAPITALS AND THEIR CURRENCIES

COUNTRY CAPITAL CURRENCY 
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani 
Albania Tirane Lek 
Algeria Algiers Dinar 
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro 
Angola Luanda New Kwanza 
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s East Caribbean dollar 
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso 
Armenia Yerevan Dram 
Australia Canberra Australian dollar 
Austria Vienna Euro  
Azerbaijan Baku Manat 
The Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar 
Bahrain Manama Bahrain dinar 
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka 
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados dollar 
Belarus Minsk Belorussian ruble 
Belgium Brussels Euro  
Belize Belmopan Belize dollar 
Benin Porto-Novo CFA Franc 
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum 
Bolivia La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial) Boliviano 
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Marka 
Botswana Gaborone Pula 
Brazil Brasilia Real 
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar 
Bulgaria Sofia Lev 
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou CFA Franc 
Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc 
Cambodia Phnom Penh Riel 
Cameroon Yaounde CFA Franc 
Canada Ottawa Canadian dollar 
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo 
Central African Republic Bangui CFA Franc 
Chad N’Djamena CFA Franc 
Chile Santiago Chilean Peso 
China Beijing Yuan/Renminbi 
Colombia Bogota Colombian Peso 
Comoros Moroni Franc 
Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville CFA Franc 
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Congolese franc 
Costa Rica San Jose Colón 
Cote d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto) CFA Franc 
Croatia Zagreb Kuna 
Cuba Havana Cuban Peso 
Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus pound 
Czech Republic Prague Koruna 
Denmark Copenhagen Krone 
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti franc 
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar 
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Peso 
East Timor  Dili U.S. dollar 
Ecuador Quito U.S. dollar 
Egypt Cairo Egyptian pound 
El Salvador San Salvador Colón; U.S. dollar 
Equatorial Guinea Malabo CFA Franc 
Eritrea Asmara Nakfa 
Estonia Tallinn Kroon 
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr 
Fiji Suva Fiji dollar 
Finland Helsinki Euro  
France Paris Euro  
Gabon Libreville CFA Franc 
The Gambia Banjul Dalasi 
Georgia Tbilisi Lari 
Germany Berlin Euro  
Ghana Accra Cedi 
Greece Athens Euro  
Grenada Saint George’s East Caribbean dollar 
Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzal 
Guinea Conakry Guinean franc 
Guinea-Bissau Bissau CFA Franc 
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese dollar 
Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde 
Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira 
Hungary Budapest Forint 
Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic króna 
India New Delhi Rupee 
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah 
Iran Tehran Rial 
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar 
Ireland Dublin Euro 
Israel Jerusalem Shekel 
Italy Rome Euro  
Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar 
Japan Tokyo Yen 
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar 
Kazakhstan Nursultan Tenge 
Kenya Nairobi Kenya shilling 
Kiribati Tarawa Atoll Australian dollar 
Korea, North Pyongyang Won 
Korea, South Seoul Won 
Kosovo Pristina Euro  
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti dinar 
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som 
Laos Vientiane New Kip 
Latvia Riga Lats 
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound 
Lesotho Maseru Maluti 
Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar 
Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar 
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc 
Lithuania Vilnius Litas 
Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro  
Macedonia Skopje Denar 
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy franc 
Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha 
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit 
Maldives Male Rufiya 
Mali Bamako CFA Franc 
Malta Valletta Maltese lira 
Marshall Islands Majuro U.S. Dollar 
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya 
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee 
Mexico Mexico City Mexican peso 
Micronesia, Federated States of Palikir U.S. Dollar 
Moldova Chisinau Leu 
Monaco Monaco Euro 
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Tugrik 
Montenegro Podgorica Euro 
Morocco Rabat Dirham 
Mozambique Maputo Metical 
Myanmar (Burma) Rangoon ; Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative) Kyat 
Categories
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

INTRODUCTION

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. 

The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the fundamental duties of citizens.  

It is the longest written constitution in the world. 

B.R Ambedkar, chairman of the drafting committee, is  its chief architect. 

It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly Of India on 26 November 1949 and became effective on 26 January 1950. 

The constitution replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the country’s fundamental governing document, and the Dominion of India became the Republic of India. 

India celebrates its constitution on 26 January 1950 as Republic Day. 

The constitution declares India a soverign,socialist,secular,democratic republic assuring its citizens justice, equality and liberty and endeavours to promote fraternity.

The words “secular” and “socialist” were added to the preamble in 1976 during the emergency.

CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY 

An idea for a Constituent Assembly was proposed in 1934 by M.N. Roy a pioneer of the Communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democracy.  

It became an official demand of the Indian National Congress in 1935, C. Rajagopalachari voiced the demand for a Constituent Assembly on 15 November 1939 based on adult franchise, and was accepted by the British in August 1940. 

Under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946, elections were held for the first time for the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, and it was implemented under the Cabinet Mission Plan on 16 May 1946. 

The constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by elected members of the provincial assemblies. 

The total membership of the Constituent Assembly was 389 of which 292 were representatives of the states, 93 represented the princely states and four were from the chief commissioner provinces. 

The Interim Government of India was formed on 2 September 1946 from the newly elected Constituent Assembly. The Congress Party held a large majority in the Assembly (69 percent of the seats), and the Muslim League held nearly all the seats reserved in the Assembly for Muslims. There were also members of smaller parties, such as the Scheduled Caste Federation, the Communist Party of India and the Unionist Party.