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ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

THE MOST IMPORTANT ARTICLES OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION : cont.

FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES (ARTICLES 51A) 

Initially, it had 10 duties, now it contains 11 duties by 86th amendments act 2002. 

The fundamental duties noted in the constitution are as follows: 

It shall be the duty of every citizen of India — 

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; 
  1. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; 
  1. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India; 
  1. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so; 
  1. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women; 
  1. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture; 
  1. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures; 
  1. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform; 
  1. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence; 
  1. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement; 
  1. Who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child, or as the case may be, ward between the age of six to fourteen years. 

ARTICLE 52 TO 151 

  • Article 52 – The President of India 
  • Article 53 – Executive Power of the union 
  • Article 54 – Election of President 
  • Article 61 – Procedure for Impeachment of the President 
  • Article 63 – The Vice–president of India 
  • Article 64 – The Vice–President to be ex–officio chairman the council of States 
  • Article 66 – Election of Vice–president 
  • Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President 
  • Article 74 – Council of ministers to aid and advise President 
  • Article 76 – Attorney–General for India 
  • Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament 
  • Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha 
  • Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha 
  • Article 83 – Duration of Houses of Parliament 
  • Article 93 – The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people 
  • Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament 
  • Article 109 – Special procedure in respects of money bills 
  • Article 110 – Definition of “Money Bills” 
  • Article 112 – Annual Financial Budget 
  • Article 114 –Appropriation Bills 
  • Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament 
  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court 
  • Article 125 – Salaries of Judges 
  • Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice 
  • Article 127 – Appointment of ad–hoc judges 
  • Article 128 –Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court 
  • Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record 
  • Article 130 – Seat of the Supreme Court 
  • Article 136 – Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court 
  • Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court 
  • Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts 
  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor– General of India 
  • Article 149 – Duties and Powers of CAG 
  • Article 153 – Governors of State 
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor 
  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor 
  • Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State 
  • Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances 
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states 
  • Article 215 – High Courts to be court of record 
  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs 
  • Article 233 – Appointment of District judges 
  • Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts