VAKKOM MOULAVI

 

 

Vakkom Mohammed Abdul Khader Moulavi, popularly known as Vakkom Moulavi was a social reformer, teacher, prolific writer, Muslim scholar, journalist, freedom fighter and newspaper proprietor in Travancore, a princely state of the present day Kerala, India. He was the founder and publisher of the newspaper Swadeshabhimani which was banned and confiscated by the Government of Travancore in 1910 due to its criticisms against the government and the Diwan of Travancore, P.Rajagopalachari.

Moulavi was born in 1873 in Vakkom, Chirayinkil Taluk, Thiruvananthapuram in Travancore. He was born into a prominent Muslim family Poonthran which had ancestral roots to Madurai and Hyderabad, and many of his maternal ancestors worked for the military of the state government.

His father, a prominent merchant, engaged a number of scholars from distant places, including an itinerant Arab savant, to teach him every subject he wished to learn. Moulavi made such rapid progress, that some of his teachers soon found that their stock of knowledge was exhausted and at least one of them admitted that had learnt from his student more than he could teach him. In a short time, Moulavi had learnt many languages including Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Tamil, Sanskrit and English.

Maulavi started the Swadeshabhimani newspaper on 19 January 1905, declaring that the paper will not hesitate to expose injustices to the people in any form, but on 26 September 1910, the newspaper and press were sealed and confiscated by the British Police, and the editor Ramakrishna Pillai was arrested and banished from Travancore to Thirunelveli.

After the confiscation of the press, Moulavi concentrated more on social and cultural activities, becoming a social leader, also writing several books. Daussabah and Islam Matha Sidantha Samgraham are original works, while Imam Ghazali’s Keemiya-e- Saadat, Ahlu Sunnathuwal Jammath, Islamic Sandesam, Surat-ul fathiha are translations.

Moulavi was considered one of greatest reformers in the Kerala Muslim community, and is sometimes referred to as the “father of muslim renaissance”. He emphasised the religious and socioeconomic aspects much more than the ritualistic aspects of religion. He also campaigned for the need for modern education, the education of women, and the elimination of potentially bad customs among the Muslim community. Influenced by the writings of Muhammad Abduh of Egypt and his reform movement, Moulavi started journals in Arabi-Malayalam and in Malayalam modelled on Al Manar. The Muslim was launched in January 1906 and was followed by Al-Islam(1918) and Deepika(1931). Through these publications, he tried to teach the Muslim community about the basic tenets of Islam. Al-Islam began publishing in April 1918 and played a pivotal role in Muslim renaissance in Kerala.

As a result of the continuous campaigning of Moulavi throughout the State, the Maharaja’s Government introduced the teaching of Arabic in all state schools where there were Muslim pupils, and offered them fee concessions and scholarships. Girls were totally exempted from payment of fees. Moulavi wrote text books for children to learn Arabic, and a manual for training Arabic instructors for primary schools. At the instance of Moulavi Abdul Qadir the State Government soon instituted qualifying examinations for Arabic teachers of which he was made the chief examiner.

 

There were many other dubious practices in the Muslim community of the time, such as the dowry system, extravagant expenditure on weddings, celebration of annual “urs” and Moharrum with bizarre unIslamic features bordering on idolatrous rituals. Moulavi launched his campaign against such practices with the help of his disciples, and with the co-operation of other learned men who shared his views and ideals. As the campaign developed into a powerful movement, opposition was mounted by the Mullahs. Some issued “fatwas” that he was a “kafir”, others branded him as a “Wahhabi”.

 

He also tried to create unity among Muslims, starting the All Travancore Muslim Mahajanasabha and Chirayinkil Taluk Muslim Samagam, and worked as the chairman of the Muslim Board of the Government of Travancore. His activities were further instrumental in the establishment of “Muslim Aikya Sangham“, a united Muslim forum for all the Muslims of the Travancore, Cochin and Malabar regions,with K M Moulavi, K M Seethi Sahib and helped guide the Lajnathul Mohammadiyya Association of Alappuzha, Dharma Bhoshini Sabha of Kollam amongst others. In 1931, he founded the Islamia Publishing House, with his eldest son Abdul Salam supervising the translation into Malayalam and publication of Allama Shibli’s biography of Omar Farooq in two volumes under the title Al Farooq.

IMPORTANT QUESTIONS FOR PSC

 

  1. Father of Muslim Renaissance in Kerala?

Answer : Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi

 

2.  Vakkom Moulavi Published the journal “Muslim” in?

Answer : 1906

 

3. Vakkom Moulavi Published an Arabi- Muslim journal Al-Islam in ?

Answer : 1918

 

4. Vakkom Moulavi Published the journal “Deepika” in?

Answer : 1931

5.  The journal in which Malayalam translation of Quran was published?

Answer : Deepika

 

6.  The founder of the newspaper Swadeshabhimani?

Answer : Vakkom Moulavi

 

7. The  newspaper Swadeshabhimani was established on?

Answer : 19 january 1905 (Anchuthengu)

 

8. The first editor of the newspaper Swadeshabhimani?

Answer : C.P.Govinda Pillai

 

9. Ramakrishna Pillai took over the editorial charge of Swadeshabhimani on?

Answer : 1906
10. The year which Swadeshabhimani newspaper office was  moved to Thiruvananthapuram?

Answer : 1907

 

11.The newspaper Swadeshabhimani was Banned on?

Answer : 26 December 1910

 

12. The founder of All Travancore Muslim Mahajanasabha?

Answer : Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi

 

13. The founder of Muslim Ayikya Sangam (1922)?

Answer : Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi

 

14. Muslim Ayikya Sangam is situated in?

Answer : Kodungallur

 

15. The founder of Islamic Publishing house?
Answer : Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi (1931)

 

16. Major works of Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi?
Answer :
a. Daussabah
b. Islamic Matha Sidantha Samgraham
c. Islamic Sandesham
d. Ahlu Sunnathuwal Jamaath
e. Surat ul Fathima

 

17. Died on

Answer : 31 October 1932

 

18. Founder of Vakkom Maulavi Foundation Trust?

Answer : K.M.Bashir

 

19. Vakkom Maulavi Foundation Trust is situated in?

Answer : Thekkummoodu (Thiruvananthapuram)

 

20. Vakkom Maulavi Centre for Studies and Research?

Answer : calicut

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